case

case
case1 [ keıs ] noun ***
▸ 1 example/instance
▸ 2 situation affecting something
▸ 3 legal matter for court
▸ 4 reasons for/against something
▸ 5 situation/person
▸ 6 container/cover
▸ 7 in language
▸ + PHRASES
1. ) count an example or instance of something:
In the majority of cases, keeping a project within budget depends on efficient cost control.
case of: a serious case of nerves
It was a case of love at first sight.
a ) an instance of a disease:
case of: a bad case of food poisoning
b ) a person with a disease:
He treated several cases of severe sunburn.
2. ) count usually singular a situation or set of conditions, especially one involving a particular person or thing:
as is the case: Often, as is the case for these families, there is no other source of support.
be the case: This was the case in the past, but now life is different.
if that's the case: If that's the case, I'm not surprised he was angry.
I think we can make an exception in your case.
in that case: I don't need it tonight. In that case, I'll keep it until tomorrow.
in which case: They had the choice to comply with the conditions, in which case the bombing would have stopped.
it's a case of: It really is a case of no news is good news.
it is the case that: Isn't it the case that they're afraid of change?
a ) as the case may be used for saying that either of two things may be true, depending on the actual situation:
An important consideration is the candidates' experience, or lack of it, as the case may be.
b ) on a case-by-case basis according to the particular facts relating to each situation:
The only thing we can do is to negotiate on a case-by-case basis.
3. ) count a legal matter that will be decided in a court:
a civil/criminal case
The case involved charges of police corruption.
case against: He was confident the case against him would be dropped.
win/lose a case: He would do anything to win a case.
a ) a crime that the police are trying to solve:
At least a dozen officers are investigating the murder case.
b ) the evidence and arguments that one side can use against the other in a law court:
the case for the prosecution/the defense: The assistant district attorney informed the judge that he had completed the case for the prosecution.
have a case (=have a chance of winning): The lawyers told me I didn't have a case.
4. ) count a set of facts and arguments that you can state for or against something:
This horrible crime strengthens the case of those who want all guns to be licensed.
case for/against: The case against lowering educational standards is overwhelming.
make a case for something: Calvin makes a good case for this unpopular policy in his article.
A case can be made for reducing taxes right now.
state your case: She was being offered a chance to state her case.
5. ) count a situation or person to be dealt with, often by an official:
reports of cases of neglected and abused children
Each social worker was assigned 30 cases.
6. ) count a container or cover for keeping or protecting something:
Have you seen my glasses' case anywhere?
The paintings were shipped in large wooden cases.
a ) a piece of furniture made of wood and glass in which objects are shown in a store or museum
b ) a container for holding a large number of separate things, especially bottles, or the things in the container:
case of: We bought a case of wine.
c ) MAINLY BRITISH a suitcase
7. ) count or uncount LINGUISTICS a form of a noun, adjective, or pronoun in some languages that shows its relationship to other words in a sentence
a case in point
an example of the situation or behavior that you are talking about:
Shoppers tend to think that high prices mean high quality. Electronics are a case in point.
get off someone's case usually in imperative SPOKEN
to stop criticizing someone
in any case
1. ) whatever the situation is or will be:
Traffic may be bad, but in any case we'll be there in time for dinner.
2. ) used for adding information to support a statement or make it clearer:
Nobody saw her on the train. In any case, she probably didn't have enough money for a ticket.
in case
1. ) if:
In case you can't come, give me a call before I leave for work.
2. ) in order to be prepared for something that may happen:
Take an umbrella in case it rains.
just in case: I'll make some sandwiches, just in case we get hungry later.
in case of: In case of bad weather, the wedding will be held indoors.
3. ) used for explaining why you are doing something:
In case you were wondering, I'm here to see your brother, not you.
on someone's case SPOKEN
criticizing someone all the time
on the case
dealing with something:
Who's finding out about the hotel? Don't worry, Jane's on the case.
case
case 2 [ keıs ] verb transitive
VERY INFORMAL if a criminal cases a place, such as a bank, they watch it and look around it to help them plan their crime:
He saw McVeigh casing the Oklahoma City federal building before it was bombed.
a. case the joint OFTEN HUMOROUS to look carefully at a place that you intend to visit later
be cased in something
to be completely covered in something, especially as a protection

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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Synonyms:

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